Fruit juice offers no nutritional benefit to children under the age of one and may contribute to excessive weight gain, say experts who recommend not including juices in the diet of infants. The American Academy of Pediatrics issued a new policy marking the first change in recommendations on fruit juice since 2001.Over past years, the body had advised against offering fruit juice to children under the age of six months, but has expanded that time frame to include the entire first year of life. The revision accounts for the rising rates of obesity and concerns about dental health based on data accumulated over recent years, researchers said. “Parents may perceive fruit juice as healthy, but it is not a good substitute for fresh fruit and just packs in more sugar and calories,” said Melvin B Heyman, co-author of the new research published in the journal Pediatrics. Also Read – Add new books to your shelf”Small amounts in moderation are fine for older kids, but are absolutely unnecessary for children under one,” said Heyman. The new recommendations state that 100 per cent fresh or reconstituted fruit juice can be a healthy part of the diet of children older than one year when consumed as part of a well-balanced diet.Consumption, however, should be limited depending on a child’s age. Researchers recommend that intake of juice should be limited to, at most, four ounces daily for toddlers age one to three. For children aged four to six, fruit juice should be restricted to 4 – 6 ounces daily and for those aged 7-18, juice intake should be limited to 1 cup per day. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsiveToddlers should not be given juice from bottles or easily transportable “sippy cups” that allow them to consume juice easily throughout the day. The excessive exposure of the teeth to carbohydrates can lead to tooth decay, as well. Toddlers should also not be given juice at bedtime, researchers recommend.Children should be encouraged to eat whole fruits and be educated about the benefits of the fruit as compared with juice, which lacks dietary fibre and may contribute to excessive weight gain, they said. Human milk or infant formula is sufficient for infants, and low-fat/nonfat milk and water are sufficient for older children.Consumption of unpasteurised juice products should be strongly discouraged for children of all ages. In addition, fruit juice is not appropriate in the treatment of dehydration or management of diarrhoea. “We know that excessive fruit juice can lead to excessive weight gain and tooth decay,” said co-author Steven A Abrams.
This story originally appeared on Reuters IBM aims to expand the number of data centers it offers clients around the world by 25 percent to meet fast-rising demand for internet-based services, after what a company executive said has been a “breakthrough year” in 2014 for its cloud computing business.IBM has quadrupled the number of cloud data facilities it offers around the world to 49 in the past 18 months, responding in part to laws requiring the local retention of data following revelations over U.S. government Web surveillance as well as increased corporate compliance rules.The company said on Wednesday it has now struck a partnership with data center provider Equinix Inc for nine more cloud centers in Australia, France, Japan, Singapore, The Netherlands and the United States.In addition the company is opening up three new cloud computer facilities of its own in Germany, Mexico and Japan.The information technology giant, which is contending with a change in its classic business mix of software and outsourcing services as corporate clients focus on reaching their customers via the Internet and mobile phones, said its own cloud business is having a banner year.”We have had a really good year. We would call it a breakthrough year in cloud,” Angel Luiz Diaz, vice president in charge of IBM’s cloud computing business, told Reuters.IBM’s cloud revenue amounted to $4.4 billion in 2013 and was up by 50 percent in the first nine months of this year, it reported in October, making it one of IBM’s fastest-growing businesses, although it still accounts for only a fraction of the $94 billion in total revenues which IBM is expected by analysts to generate this year.Diaz declined to comment on the company’s performance during the fourth quarter but IBM has announced multi-year deals in recent weeks worth a total of more than $4 billion that are fuelling the company’s expansion in data centers.The company’s cloud computing services let companies mix classic computing jobs with new ways of working, a twist on the largely consumer-facing cloud services made popular by Amazon’s Web Services, Google and Microsoft.IBM, along with rivals Hewlett-Packard and EMC’s VMware, offer “hybrid cloud” services that let customers run key business data on private, internal networks along with consumer-facing public cloud systems.Such hybrids provide companies with certain speed, security and regulatory advantages but at similar costs as public clouds, said industry analyst Charles King of the firm Pund-IT. Mixed systems also let customers move their existing business software to the Internet over several years rather than in one big leap.So far this quarter IBM has set major deals with airline Lufthansa, Dutch bank ABN AMRO, advertising giant WPP, audio electronics maker Woox Innovations in Hong Kong and the Dow Water arm of Dow Chemical.IBM has also put in place a variety of technology partnership deals with SAP, Microsoft, Tencent, AT&T and Intel to give its customers more flexibility in running other major business systems on IBM cloud networks.IBM also said on Wednesday it had reached a cloud services deal with National Express Group Plc to enable the UK-based bus and trains operator to offer commuters up-to-the-minute train schedules and what it said would be Britain’s first postcode-to-postcode journey planner.(Editing by Greg Mahlich) Problem Solvers with Jason Feifer 3 min read December 18, 2014 Hear from business owners and CEOs who went through a crippling business problem and came out the other side bigger and stronger. Listen Now