Five Lake County civil servants lost their lawsuit challenging a state law that forbids them from serving in elected office in the same city that employs them.An Indiana law barring municipal employees from serving in office in the same unit of government passed in 2012 has an effective date of Jan. 1, 2016. This was to provide current officeholders an opportunity to decide whether to run for re-election.Matthew Claussen, Juda Parks, Susan Pelfrey, Michael Opinker and Scott Rakos sued the state in the U.S. Court for the Northern District of Indiana, Hammond Division. They are city employees who were elected or re-elected to their various city councils and challenged the law as a violation of their federal constitutional rights under the First and 14th amendments and under the Contracts Clause and Takings Clause.Northern District Chief Judge Philip P. Simon rejected those claims Wednesday and dismissed the federal complaint but said the plaintiffs could pursue state law claims in state court.“Passage of the statute did not result in plaintiffs’ resignation, and the statute does not compel plaintiffs to assume public office and thereby resign their employment,” Simon wrote. “The plaintiffs alone will decide whether they want to assume public office and forego continued government employment.“They simply have not been shouldered with a financial burden that the public at large should bear; there is no taking at all here, unconstitutional or otherwise.”The ruling upheld Indiana Code 3-5-9-5 that states a person “is considered to have resigned as a government employee when the individual assumes an elected office of the unit that employs the individual.”Simon reasoned that Indiana had an interest in disparate treatment of municipal employees: preventing the appearance of corruption. “The simple fact of the matter is that there is obviously a greater risk of self-dealing when a municipal worker holds office in the same government unit that employs him, and the questioned law attempts to address that problem.”In all cases, the civil servant salaries are greater than those the employees would earn as city council members. Claussen is a Hobart police officer elected to city council; Pelfrey is a New Chicago water department worker who won a council seat; Opinker and Rakos are Hammond firefighters elected to Hammond City Council; and Parks is an East Chicago police officer elected to city council. Rakos has resigned from the Hammond Fire Department, the opinion notes.Attorney General Greg Zoeller praised the ruling in a statement Thursday. “We respect the plaintiffs’ service in their municipal governments; but the Legislature has firmly drawn the line at serving in no more than one position in a municipality at a time, and the Court has upheld that statute. Serving in municipal government is a privilege and should not be primarily about the financial reward; and there are many ways that civic-minded people can serve their communities and neighbors in non-government capacities,” he said.The case is Claussen et al. v. Pence et al., 2:15-cv-52.FacebookTwitterCopy LinkEmail
The Hummingbird Bakery has revealed it will be launching its third book Home Sweet Home on Valentine’s Day.The cupcake boutique business, which ventured out of the UK and into the Middle East last September, said the new bakery book will feature 100 recipes, including those used within its five London-based outlets.Recipes include traybakes, fruit pies, layer cakes and cookies, as well as the company’s infamous cupcakes.Tarek Malouf, managing director at The Hummingbird Bakery, told British Baker: “We decided to start publishing bakery books because so many of our customers were asking for our recipes. Many of the recipes featured come directly from our branches and use exactly the same ingredients and home-baking techniques as our bakers use on a daily basis.“Our latest cookbook, Home Sweet Home, features a mix of classic recipes, such as our famous red velvet cupcake, as well as brand new recipes taken from our limited-edition daily specials collections. Making our recipes widely available has only served to drive sales and bring our customers closer to The Hummingbird Bakery brand.”The Hummingbird Bakery has sold more than a million copies of its two previous recipe books, The Hummingbird Bakery Cook Book (2009) and The Hummingbird Bakery Cake Days (2011).
Radiohead is on tour, and we can’t get enough. The past few weeks have been an absolute thrill, as the band criss-crossed the country, hitting Lollapalooza, The Shrine Auditorium in Los Angeles, and of course two legendary nights at Madison Square Garden.Thanks to one dedicated fan and a handy HD camera, we can now relive the glory of the band’s first night at MSG. The footage begins outside of the venue, taking in the ambiance of excited fans waiting to see their favorite band, and then cutting into MSG for a front row view of the entire show. Expect extreme close-ups of Thom Yorke‘s famous wiggle dancing, Johnny Greenwood‘s epic instrument switching (piano, guitar, radio frequencies, theremin and more…he is a true visionary!), and an incredible view of the band’s infamous light show.Check out the footage for yourself. This is a beyond front-row view of the band. The extreme close-ups of the band members’ faces give the viewer a unique viewpoint, experiencing the show as if you are on stage with the band yourself. For a DIY recording, the results are truly impressive. Thanks YouTube user lordazuretwentyfive for the unique footage, and check out the full two hour show below.
As Harvard celebrates its 375th anniversary, the Gazette is examining key moments and developments over the University’s broad and compelling history.Lexington and Concord. April 19, 1775. Where and when the Revolutionary War started is well known.Not so well known is the fact that Harvard played an important, if odd, role afterward in the early days of the Revolution, turning its campus over to the nascent American army. On May 1, 1775, undergraduates were dismissed and given an early summer vacation. Classes resumed on Oct. 5 in Concord, 20 miles away — the beginning of a wartime academic sojourn.Student safety was a factor in the move, said historian John L. Bell, a specialist in the early days of the war, but so was a worry that students would consort with rough and tumble soldiers. “There was discipline,” he said of the American army gathering in Cambridge. “But it wasn’t college discipline.”Harvard’s move to Concord also served a practical military purpose. Provincial troops fortifying Cambridge during the siege of Boston needed places to stay. The five Harvard buildings were used to house 1,600 soldiers — more than the population of Cambridge at the time. Hollis and Massachusetts halls each held 640 soldiers; Stoughton Hall (razed in 1781) was home to 240; and tiny Holden Chapel bunked 160. Harvard Hall — the College buttery, library, and social space — served a similar function. Tents and rude barracks sprang up in Harvard Yard, and soldiers built a defensive breastwork on high ground near Quincy Street, where Lamont Library now stands.Harvard was not on the front lines, said Bell, since most of the nearest fortifications were built in East Cambridge and parts of what is now Somerville. The new war did not bring “physical disruption” to Harvard, he said, so much as “social disruption.”Social disruption also accompanied Harvard’s move to Concord. The library was shipped there, along with the College fire engine, the museum, and even the Ellicott Regulator Clock, a key item of “philosophical apparatus” valued for its precise astronomical timekeeping.Harvard students took rooms in Concord where they could, including a dozen who boarded with Dr. Joseph Lee, who was under house arrest as a British spy. Classes — reduced to two recitations a day in winter — were held in a deserted grammar school, and in Concord’s courthouse and the First Parish meetinghouse.Jenny Rankin, M.Div. ’88, one of First Parish’s current ministers (and the first woman to hold the title), is intrigued by “the thought of this small, sleepy town being invaded by boys.” Harvard’s Concord interlude has been much on her mind, since First Parish celebrates its own 375th anniversary this year. The Concord church opened in 1636, the same year as Harvard College.The meetinghouse where Harvard’s exiled students gathered burned down in 1900, said Rankin, but a few artifacts remain: an oaken beam, some iron keys, communion silver, and two pews — whose hardness was a source of undergraduate complaints.What was Harvard’s stay in Concord like? Interpretations vary. Harvard historian Samuel Eliot Morison called the interlude “a not unpleasant Babylonian Captivity at the future shrine of New England letters.” Historian and poet Charles A. Wagner wrote that “one hundred students were spread through little Concord’s taverns, homes, meetinghouse and courthouse, to the unexpected joy of the Concord maidens.”But some documents intimate that Concord was no picnic. Students were bored by country life, supplies were scant, smallpox hovered, and the winter of 1775-1776 was harsh. Rented rooms were chilly and distant from makeshift classrooms. The fall and spring vacations were canceled. By April, 1776, a Harvard resolution noted “the prevailing Discontent” among undergraduates “on account of their being detained at Concord.”Part of the unhappiness was that Concord was crowded. By March, 1776, the town’s population had swelled to 1,900 — 25 percent higher than the year before. The Provincial Congress had ordered towns in Massachusetts to take in Boston’s poor fleeing the British occupation. Concord’s quota for the poor was 66, but it found room for 82. The Harvard undergraduates in many ways were simply among the displaced persons.The British surrendered Boston in March, 1776, but the American troops who had bivouacked around Harvard Yard inevitably left a trail of damages when they moved south. The soldiers whom Harvard President Samuel Langdon called a “glorious army of freemen,” tore off the roof of Harvard Hall — 1,000 pounds of metal – to melt into bullets. They stripped brass doorknobs and box locks out of the buildings, along with interior woodwork. In 1778, Harvard petitioned the Massachusetts House of Representatives, listing losses down to the shilling and pence. The College was awarded the sum of 417 pounds.Permission for the College to reoccupy Harvard Yard came on June 11, 1776. The next day, Langdon wrote a formal letter of thanks to Concord town officials. It included the hope that there had been no “incivilities or indecencies of behavior.” That same month, the College elected to pay Concord, for its trouble, the sum of 10 pounds.To learn more about Harvard’s celebration and history, visit the 375th anniversary website.
They began with a discovery in zebrafish in 2007, and now researchers at the Harvard Stem Cell Institute (HSCI) have published initial results of a Phase Ib human clinical trial of a therapeutic that could improve the success of blood stem cell transplantation. This marks the first time that HSCI has carried a discovery from the lab bench to the clinic, fulfilling the promise of Harvard’s major commitment to such research by founding the institute nine years ago.The Phase Ib safety study, published in the journal Blood, included 12 adult patients undergoing umbilical cord blood transplantation for leukemia or lymphoma at the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute and Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH). Each patient received two umbilical cord blood units, one untreated and the other treated with the small molecule 16,16-dimethyl prostaglandin E2 (dmPGE2). All 12 patients had reconstitution of their immune systems and renewed blood formation, and 10 of the 12 had blood formation derived solely from the kdmPGE2-treated umbilical cord blood unit.The clinical testing is now entering Phase II, which will assess the treatment’s efficacy at eight medical centers with 60 patients. Results are expected in 18–24 months.Like much of the work conducted under the HSCI umbrella, this “first” depended on the collaboration of scientists at different Harvard-affiliated institutions, and in this case an industrial partner:The initial finding occurred in the laboratory of Leonard Zon, chair of the HSCI Executive Committee and professor of stem cell and regenerative biology at Harvard, who studies blood formation in zebrafish at Children’s Hospital Boston;Clinical research was conducted at Dana-Farber and MGH, led by hematologic oncologist and HSCI-affiliated faculty member Corey Cutler; andFate Therapeutics, a San Diego-based biopharmaceutical company of which Zon is a founder, sponsored the investigational new drug application, under which the clinical program was conducted, and translated the research findings from the laboratory into the clinical setting.“The exciting part of this was the laboratory, industry, and clinical collaboration, because one would not expect that much close interplay in a very exploratory trial,” Cutler said. “The fact that we were able to translate someone’s scientific discovery from down the hall into a patient just a few hundred yards away is the beauty of working here.”Gastroenterologists have studied dmPGE2 for decades because of its ability to protect the intestinal lining from stress. However, its ability to amplify stem cell populations — the first molecule discovered in any system to have such an effect — was identified in 2005 during a chemical screen exposing 5,000 known drugs to zebrafish embryos. That work, published in the journal Nature in 2007, was conducted by Wolfram Goessling and Trista North, both former Zon postdoctoral fellows and current HSCI principal faculty members.“We were interested in finding a chemical that could amplify blood stem cells, and we realized in looking at zebrafish embryos that you could actually see blood stem cells budding from the animal’s aorta,” Zon said. “So we elected to add chemicals to the water of fish embryos, and when we took them out and stained the aortas for blood stem cells, there was one of the chemicals, which is 16,16-dimethyl prostaglandin E2, that gave an incredible expansion of stem cells — about a 300 to 400 percent increase.”The dramatic effects of this molecule on blood stem cells made Zon, a pediatric hematologist, consider ways in which prostaglandin could be applied to bone marrow transplantation, often used to treat blood cancers, including leukemia and lymphoma. Bone marrow contains the body’s most plentiful reservoir of blood stem cells, so patients with these conditions may be given bone marrow transplants to reconstitute their immune systems after their cancer-ravaged systems are wiped out by chemotherapy and radiation.Zon designed a preclinical experiment, similar to one later done with cord blood patients, in which mice undergoing bone marrow transplants received two sets of competing bone marrow stem cells, one set treated with dmPGE2 and the other untreated.“What we found was the bone marrow stem cells that were treated with prostaglandin, even for just two hours, had a four times better chance of engrafting in the recipient’s marrow after transplant,” he said. “I was very excited to move this into the clinic because I knew it was an interesting molecule.”The next step for Zon and his team was to visit Dana-Farber, where they presented the mouse research at bone marrow transplant rounds and found physicians interested in giving the prostaglandin to patients.“We basically sat down in a room, and we brainstormed a clinical trial based on their scientific discovery, right then and there,” said Cutler. “They knew that it was something they could bring to the clinic, but they just didn’t know where it would fit. We said, if this molecule does what you say it does, significant utility would lie in umbilical cord blood transplants.”A cord blood transplant is similar to a bone marrow transplant. However, the blood stem cells are derived from the umbilical cord blood of a newborn rather than from an adult donor. One of the advantages of umbilical cord blood is that matching between donor and recipient does not need to be as exact, because potentially fatal graft-versus-host disease is less common. Although about 10-20 percent of stem cell transplantation procedures now use umbilical cord blood, the downside is that engraftment is more difficult because the number of stem cells in an umbilical cord blood donation is far fewer than in an adult stem cell donation.Umbilical cord blood transplants fail about 10 percent of the time. So increasing the procedure’s success would significantly help patients who do not have adult bone marrow donors, including a disproportionate number of non-Caucasian patients in North America. Increasing the engraftment rate would also allow the use of smaller umbilical cord blood units that could be better matches to their recipients, increasing the number of donations that go on to help patients.Once Fate Therapeutics received the go-ahead for the trial from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration and Dana-Farber’s Institutional Review Board, the umbilical cord blood processing was done by the hospital’s Cell Manipulation Core Facility, directed by HSCI Executive Committee member Jerome Ritz. The study hit a stumbling block, however, once the human trial with the first nine patients got under way. The protocol that produced the dramatic blood stem cell expansion in mice did not translate to improved engraftment in humans.“The initial results were very disappointing,” Cutler said. “We went back to the drawing board and tried to figure out why, and it turned out some of the laboratory-based conditions were simply not optimized, and that was largely because when you do something in the lab, the conditions are a little bit different than when you do it in a human.”Fate Therapeutics discovered that the human cord blood was being handled at temperatures of 4 degrees Celsius — too cold for the prostaglandin to biologically activate the stem cells and improve their engraftment properties. The company further demonstrated that performing the incubation of the hematopoietic stem cells at 37 degrees Celsius and increasing the incubation time from one to two hours elicited a much stronger gene and protein expression response that correlated with improved engraftment in animal models.In running a second cohort of the Phase Ib trial, which included 12 patients, dmPGE2 appeared to enhance the engraftment properties of the blood stem cells in humans and was deemed safe to continue into Phase II.“It’s probably the most exciting thing I’ve ever done,” Zon said. “Basically, to watch something come from your laboratory and then go all the way to a clinical trial is quite remarkable and very satisfying.”The research was funded by the National Institutes of Health, the Howard Hughes Medical Institute, the Stem Cell Cyclists of the Pan-Mass Challenge, and the Patrick Carney Foundation.
Walk outside on a clear summer twilight and you might see hundreds of minute lights spark and glow. Together, fireflies, which produce chemical light through bioluminescence, display a celestial pattern unlike anything on earth. Or, more precisely, unlike anything visible to our unassisted eyes.In a darkness deeper than those summer twilights, our neurons fire and glow in a similar stellar dance. Now, with Firefly, a new microscope from the Cohen Lab, we can watch neurons pulse, communicate, and shine. The image is at once beautiful and invaluable — it could illuminate how disorders like epilepsy and Alzheimer’s disease affect neuron communication and thus enable researchers to discover how to prevent and treat a host of neurological diseases.,Firefly can resolve 85 neurons in 30 seconds. To accomplish this feat, Adam Cohen, Professor of Chemistry and Chemical Biology and Physics, and his team exploited a relatively new technique: optogenetics. With optogenetics, a fusion of optics and genetics, researchers modify cells to include genes with light-responsive properties. In this case, Cohen designed neurons to include light-sensitive proteins. Firefly can then capture light sparks representing each neuron’s electrical signals.Although others have produced similar optogenetic tools, Firefly exceeds them in power and range. It can image a 6-millimeter-diameter area, more than one hundred times larger than most analogs. This broad field of vision offers unprecedented views of not just one but hundreds of neurons engaged in communication. Now, researchers can examine when and why communication fails. “This optical system provides a million inputs and a million outputs, allowing us to see everything that’s going on in these neural cultures,” Cohen explained. “The optical system must be highly efficient to detect good signals within a millisecond.”,Cohen’s research team tested the microscope on neurons and cultured heart cells, successfully mapping their electrical waves. While neuroscientists look for clues to treat epilepsy and Alzheimer’s disease, cardiologists can examine the abnormal heart rhythms to explore causes and solutions.“The development of new biological sensors has made measurements that were impossible just a few years ago into something routine,” said Daniel Hochbaum, a member of the Firefly team. “This microscope … will profoundly increase the possibilities of high-throughput and high-content measurements with existing and future sensors of a diverse array of biological functions.”The team already plans to expand their field of vision: “The system we developed is designed for looking at a relatively flat sample such as cultured cells,” Cohen said. “We are now developing a system to perform optogenetics approaches in intact tissue, which would allow us to look at how these neurons behave in their native context.” Read Full Story
It’s that time of year again. We’re approaching Small Business Saturday and the famed dedicated day per year where consumers double down on supporting local businesses.At Dell, we’re constantly committed to supporting this message – making small businesses a priority and showcasing them as the backbone of our economy. That’s why, for the second year in a row, we’re launching the Small but Mighty contest, a fun and powerful way to highlight the small businesses that bring character, culture and passion to our communities.Last year we received several entries from such interesting companies with fascinating and heartwarming stories highlighting how they’ve reached where they are today, that we knew we wanted to continue to ride that wave again. It’s amazing the variety of small businesses out there that are truly driven to innovation, sustainability and making change in their industries.Here’s a look at some of last year’s winners:“We at Harlem Blue are especially thankful to Dell and the Small But Mighty contest award. Knowing that others out there recognize our hustle. Our passion. Our community, is so important. These laptops truly make our business more efficient. I’ve never had a laptop that turns into a tablet. So cool. Even made me switch from Mac (smile). Most importantly, the award selection makes us feel special. Feel mighty. And sometimes when running a small business, that’s all you need.Thanks again!!” – Julian Riley, Harlem Blue Beer“For us, being “small but mighty” means using our voices to change the ruralnarrative and bring more awareness to all the unique opportunities small and rural communities offer by helping showcase what they DO have -vs- what they think they Do Not have.Having won the Small But Mighty contest last year has enabled us to give better presentations (the great features on the Dell make it easy to create them for this non-techie) and allowed us to work from anywhere. “ -Katy Kassian, Tait and KateTo enter the contest, check out our entry form on Inc. and simply tell us your:Story of perseverance, creativity and drive in facing and overcoming adversity – how did you turn a challenge into an opportunity?What role did technology play in your journey? How have the right partnerships helped you to grow your business?What have been your biggest security challenges as a small business owner?We want to hear from you – enter now until November 14! Five winners will be announced on Small Business Saturday and receive an incredible prize package of Dell Small Business laptops and McAfee security. Check www.inc.com/dell/smallbutmighty for winners.In addition, we’re working alongside Fast Company to create a video series focused on small business owners and their successes. Upload a 60 second video here of your small business story by October 31 and your company could be featured amongst other unique businesses doing mighty things.We can’t wait to hear what makes your company small but mighty. Tell us!
Editor’s note: This is the next installment in a five-day series discussing the role of women at Notre Dame and Saint Mary’s, in honor of the 40th anniversary of coeducation at the University this year. Long heralded as the driving force behind coeducation at Notre Dame, University President Emeritus Fr. Ted Hesburgh said he had simple reasons for opening the University to undergraduate women in 1972. “When God made the human race he didn’t just make men, he made men and women,” he told The Observer this week. “So since this is considered the best Catholic university in the world ever, well, why shouldn’t half the people here be women as well as men since women … are just as important in the scheme of things as men?” This clear-headed logic seems obvious today, but Hesburgh said his ideas were “heresy” to many Notre Dame supporters 40 years ago. “They said, ‘You’re giving away the store. This is the greatest macho, male-dominated thing. … The place will go soft. It won’t amount to anything anymore,’” he said. “I said, ‘Look, I’m in charge, and this is what I think is important. If we’re going to be the greatest Catholic university, we should be open to women as well as to men.’” Though he faced no overt opposition to the proposed inclusion of women, Hesburgh said the process of coeducation required extensive discussion and personal initiative. “People didn’t come out with battle axes trying to shut the place down or something. … Like anything else that goes on in a university, [coeducation] got thoroughly discussed and there were pros and cons, but someone had to make the decision,” he said. “I figured I was the president, so I made the decision that No. 1, we were going to be coeducational, and No. 2, women were going to have the same … profile of excellence as the male students.” Hesburgh said he also thought women deserved access to personal space in dormitories separate from male students. “Someone said, ‘Well, let’s put men and women in the same dormitories,’” he said. “I said, ‘No, I think women have a life of their own and they can’t really follow it if they’ve got men looking over their shoulders every hour of the day or night.’ “I can see where women can entertain men in the halls, but come midnight, the old bell goes off and the men leave, and the women get in their PJs and talk women talk. The space is all theirs.” Hesburgh spent 35 years in the Office of the President, leading Notre Dame from 1952 to 1987. But he said introducing coeducation to the University was the best decision he made in all that time. “In any event, I moved ahead quickly, and I’ve never regretted it,” he said. “I think women are holding their own here and putting together a very good record, of which I’m very proud.” ‘Impossible conditions’ Although Hesburgh’s personal convictions about the role of women in University life propelled the transition to coeducation, the final decision came after long discussions with Saint Mary’s College about a potential merger between the schools. “We discussed it at the highest level of administration of both schools,” he said. “We decided in principle we would like to merge the two schools. But you couldn’t just do it because there were all kinds of overlaps of programs and things.” Administrators from both schools came close to approving the merger on several occasions, but Hesburgh said “impossible conditions” prevented Notre Dame from agreeing to merge with Saint Mary’s. “After two or three of these forays … I said, ‘Well, why don’t we just say it’s been an interesting discussion. We’re still open to merge with Saint Mary’s at any time. If you want to reopen the discussion that’s fine, but there’s no point getting into a discussion where one side has a strong power blocking every time we get close to a merger,’” he said. “That’s where we are now.” More than 40 years after the proposed merger failed, Hesburgh said his feelings about the prospect have not changed. “I was in favor of the merger and I think the superior general [at Saint Mary’s] was in favor of the merger … To this day, I favor joining, but I don’t think it’s necessary,” he said. “I think we’ve become closer to [Saint Mary’s] in many ways. … I think we have the best of all worlds short of a merger, so I’ve been happy to see that develop.” Hesburgh said the mutually beneficial relationship between the schools is due in part to their shared history, beginning when Fr. Edward Sorin founded Notre Dame in 1842 and the Sisters of the Holy Cross followed suit in 1844. “I think it’s interesting that when Sorin began the school in those days, there were no mixed schools,” Hesburgh said. “[Notre Dame] became a men’s school, but only a year or so went by before [Sorin] asked the sisters to start a school on the other side of the road. Our history is almost identical … and from [the 1840s] on, we’ve been close together and should be. [Saint Mary’s] has been helpful to us and vice versa.” ‘A more normal human situation’ In the 40 years since undergraduate women first entered Notre Dame, Hesburgh has seen their successors make significant contributions to the University’s intellectual, athletic and religious life, complementing the work of their male counterparts. “Women more and more have had their say on campus. … Men and women tend to think very much along the same lines at a Catholic university,” he said. “I’d have to work hard to scrape up a problem [between men and women]. … I think we get along as a happy family where we’re both making good contributions to the good of the whole enterprise.” Hesburgh said he thinks the inclusion of women made the University a microcosm more representative of the world in general. “Having women here makes it a much more normal human situation. … It seems to me that year after year we get closer together instead of drifting apart,” he said. Indeed, the world outside Notre Dame had a major impact on coeducation and the University as a whole, especially in the midst of the Vietnam War, the civil rights movement and other political turmoil at home and abroad. “The great national decisions that were going on … all of these things that affected the world were bound to affect the University,” he said. “I was very happy that the students were very active in world affairs and came at them from different points of view as men and women.” Though the political and social climate outside the University has changed considerably since 1972, Hesburgh said such a dynamic environment encourages Notre Dame students to consider their role in the world after graduation. “I think [involvement in world affairs] was a good thing for education at Notre Dame because we don’t want to be in another world,” he said. “We want to be in the world that exists right now, we want to compete in that world and we want to be leaders in that world, and that’s true of both men and women.”
By Brad HaireUniversity of GeorgiaGeorgia has many native plant species that can be viable, low-maintenance choices for home landscapes.”Georgia is blessed with many diverse, beautiful and interesting native plant species,” said Amy Carter, a research coordinator at the UGA National Environmentally Sound Production Agriculture Lab in Tifton, Ga.Virtually endlessGeorgia has one of the most abundant plant populations in the United States, she said. With more than 2,800 tree, shrub, flower and ground-cover species native to the state, the native landscape potential here is almost endless. Only three states have more.Devilwood, possum haw, hairy ruellia, black gum, sourwood, flowering dogwood, wire grass, switch grass, muhly grass, magnolia, wax myrtle, saw palmetto and many others are Georgia natives.For a list of plants native to Georgia and where to get them, visit the Georgia Native Plant Society’s Web site (www.gnps.org).Native plants offer many advantages over exotic species, Carter said. But there are a few misconceptions.A native plant usually requires less maintenance. You don’t have to fight to keep it alive because it’s where it wants to be. But this doesn’t mean it needs no maintenance. You can’t be lazy. “All landscapes need some maintenance,” she said.The native species have been here a long time. Generally, if placed properly in the landscape, they require less water and chemical insecticide and fungicide to grow. That’s much better for the immediate environment.”They’ve proven they can handle the weather, bugs and conditions in Georgia without much help,” she said.When many think of native landscapes, she said, they think of an unkempt area. This doesn’t have to be so. It can be as tidy as any flower bed.To get started, as with most landscape plans, you first want to assess the landscape area. Is it dry? Wet? Is the soil acidic? Shady? Sunny? How will it look from the house or street?Then choose the right trees, shrubs, flowers or ground covers for the area. Consider where you live in Georgia. It’s a big state, with many ecosystems. What grows well in the north Georgia mountains may not do well in south Georgia or along the coast, she said.Don’t try to get too complicated with the planting, either. Keep it simple and your new native landscape will bring you much pleasure and pride.”Natives can give you a sense of place or let you know where you are,” she said.Fancy?A U.S. native plant is generally considered a plant that thrived in an area before Europeans settled it, said Carter, who also manages and conducts tours of the UGA Coastal Plain Research Arboretum in Tifton. But as Europeans settled, so came the exotic plant guests.”At that time, instead of buying a nice foreign car, the rich would purchase and bring over exotic plants to show off in their landscapes,” she said.Because of this practice, she said, some plant species have become so common and abundant that many mistake them for natives. But they aren’t. For example, camellias, boxwoods, mimosas and some azaleas are foreigners.Contact your county UGA Extension Service offices to find out more about how to establish a native Georgia landscape.
When credit unions highlight the credit union difference on their websites does it make a difference when it comes to financial performance?Yes it does, according to a Filene review of nearly 400 credit union websites. Financial cooperatives that showcased or prominently displayed the credit union difference, in whatever form, perform better across key performance metrics such as asset growth and return on assets.The review was compiled for Filene by Luis G. Dopico, a Filene economist, Taylor C. Nelms, Filene’s senior director of research and Andrew Turner, a lecturer for the University of Wisconsin Law School.Turner evaluated 378 credit union websites and classified them as to whether and how strongly they highlight the credit union difference. The three categories were “very explicit,” which stands for credit unions that highlighted the credit union difference in detail on their homepage, “more explicit,” which means credit unions highlighted the credit union difference on their website, and “less explicit,” which stands for credit unions that did not highlight the credit union difference on their website. continue reading » ShareShareSharePrintMailGooglePinterestDiggRedditStumbleuponDeliciousBufferTumblr