Major- and trace-element (XRF and INAA) and Nd-isotope analyses are presented on a Jurassic bimodal association of basic greenstones and silicic metavolcanic rocks from the Black Coast, northeast Palmer Land, Antarctic Peninsula. The greenstones are divided into three sub-groups, indistinct in the field, but which have geochemical characteristics of island arc tholeiites (group I), E-type MORB (group II), and continental arc basalts (group III). The tholeiites of group I and II have a similar range of ϵNd values (+3.7 to −1.2) and were produced from a heterogeneous, large ion lithophile element (LILE)-enriched, mantle source. The rocks of group III show a much stronger enrichment in LILE than groups I and II, and were derived from a mantle source with slightly lower ϵNd values (−2.3 to −5.0). The silicic volcanic rocks have low ϵNd values (−7.1 to −8.7) indicating a dominant crustal source, although trace element concentrations show a within-plate affinity. The origin and tectonic setting of this bimodal suite is discussed in relation to Mesozoic subduction along the proto-Pacific margin of the Antarctic Peninsula and southern South America and intra-continental extension associated with the break-up of Gondwana. It is concluded that the mafic greenstones and silicic metavolcanic rocks formed in an ensialic back-arc basin setting where, during a period of continental lithospheric attenuation, the rise of a mantle diapir may have caused widespread bimodal magmatism. The geographical extent of the Palmer Land basin is unknown at present, but it may be part of a much larger Weddell Sea or proto-Weddell Sea back-arc basin system.
A dynamically passive inert tracer was released in the interior South Paciﬁc Ocean at latitudes of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current. Observational cross sections of the tracer were taken over 4 consecutive years as it drifted through Drake Passage and into the Atlantic Ocean. The tracer was released within a region of high salinity relative to surrounding waters at the same density. In the absence of irreversible mixing a tracer remains at constant salinity and temperature on an isopycnal surface. To investigate the process of irreversible mixing we analysed the tracer in potential density-versus-salinity-anomaly coordinates. Observations of high tracer concentration tended to be collocated withisopycnalsalinityanomalies.Withtime,aninitiallynarrow peak in tracer concentration as a function of salinity at constant density broadened with the tracer being found at ever fresher salinities, consistent with diffusion-like behaviourinthatcoordinatesystem.Thesecondmomentofthe tracer as a function of salinity suggested an initial period of slow spreading for approximately 2 years in the Paciﬁc, followed by more rapid spreading as the tracer entered Drake Passage and the Scotia Sea. Analysis of isopycnal salinity gradientsbasedontheArgoprogrammesuggeststhatpartof this apparent change can be explained by changes in background salinity gradients while part may be explained by the evolution of the tracer patch from a slowly growing phase wherethetracerformsﬁlamentstoamorerapidphasewhere the tracer mixes at 240–550m2s−1
Written by FacebookTwitterLinkedInEmailTar_Heel_Rob/iStock(MEMPHIS, Tenn.) — Chandler Parsons’ time with the Memphis Grizzlies appears to have come to an end.Citing league sources, ESPN reports the team and the 30-year-old forward agreed to separate on Sunday.The Grizzlies and Parsons’ agent will work on placing him in another team and structuring a resolution on his future, the sources told ESPN.Per his four-year, $94 million contract with Memphis, Parsons is owed $38 million, including $25.1 million for this season, according to ESPN.Copyright © 2019, ABC Radio. All rights reserved. Beau Lund January 7, 2019 /Sports News – National Report: Grizzlies, forward Chandler Parsons agree to separation
View post tag: Korea View post tag: submarine View post tag: Busan View post tag: Naval May 5, 2011 View post tag: Navy View post tag: Missile View post tag: Guided View post tag: Arrives Ohio-class guided missile submarine USS Michigan (SSGN-727) arrived in Busan, Korea April 30, as part of its deployment to the Western Pacific.“Michigan is forward deployed, bringing tremendous capabilities to the theater in support of our friends and allies,” said Capt. Phil McLaughlin, USS Michigan commanding officer. “It is a pleasure to have the opportunity to visit the Republic of Korea and continue our relationship with one of our closest allies.”With a crew of approximately 155, Michigan will conduct a multitude of missions and showcase the latest capabilities of the submarine fleet.“The crew has worked extremely hard sustaining our ship at sea,” said Command Master Chief Bill Mast, USS Michigan chief of the boat. “It is a welcome break to visit Busan. We look forward to some well deserved rest while learning about the rich culture of such a close ally.”For many of the crew members, this is their first time visiting Busan.“While in Busan, I am looking forward to visiting various cultural sites, eating the local cuisine, enjoying Haeundea Beach, and shopping at the various markets,” said Sonar Technician (Submarines) 3rd Class Michael Jordan.Michigan is capable of supporting missions that include anti-submarine warfare, anti-surface warfare, strike, intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance, and naval special warfare utilizing special operations forces.Measuring more than 560 feet long and weighing more than 18,800 tons when submerged, Michigan dominates the undersea battlespace with a combination of Tomahawk cruise missiles, special forces capabilities, and heavy weight torpedoes.In addition to having the ability to deploy 154 tactical missiles, the sub can also be configured to support dedicated accommodations for significant numbers of special operations forces and their equipment. This is all supported by a nuclear power plant that provides station keeping time that is unmatched by conventionally powered ships.Michigan’s homeport is Bangor, Washington, yet it will spend 14 of its remaining 20-plus operational years forward deployed. Michigan is one of two SSGNs currently operating in the 7th Fleet area of responsibility.By Lt. j.g. Jonathan King (navy)[mappress]Source: navy, May 5, 2011; Back to overview,Home naval-today Ohio-Class Guided Missile Submarine Arrives in Busan, Korea Ohio-Class Guided Missile Submarine Arrives in Busan, Korea View post tag: Ohio-class Training & Education View post tag: News by topic Share this article
Similar jobs Johns Hopkins University Salary Not Specified You need to sign in or create an account to save CO Ophthalmic Technician You need to sign in or create an account to save Maryland, United States Apply proper oculardressings and shields.Follow divisional protocolsfor eye drop instillation, including cycloplegics and topicalanesthetics.Properly instill eyedropsLabel newly opened bottleswith expiration dates.Understand the indications /contraindications for use in dilation, Ophthalmic Technician Johns Hopkins University Johns Hopkins University Maryland, United States Save Ophthalmic Technician Assistant Salary Not Specified More searches like this School of Medicine -East Baltimore Campus Ophthalmic Technician Assistant The successful candidate(s) for this position will be subject to apre-employment background check.If you are interested in applying for employment with The JohnsHopkins University and require special assistance or accommodationduring any part of the pre-employment process, please contact theHR Business Services Office at [email protected] For TTYusers, call via Maryland Relay or dial 711.The following additional provisions may apply depending on whichcampus you will work. Your recruiter will adviseaccordingly.During the Influenza (“the flu”) season, as a condition ofemployment, The Johns Hopkins Institutions require all employeeswho provide ongoing services to patients or work in patient care orclinical care areas to have an annual influenza vaccination orpossess an approved medical or religious exception. Failure to meetthis requirement may result in termination of employment.The pre-employment physical for positions in clinical areas,laboratories, working with research subjects, or involvingcommunity contact requires documentation of immune status againstRubella (German measles), Rubeola (Measles), Mumps, Varicella(chickenpox), Hepatitis B and documentation of having received theTdap (Tetanus, diphtheria, pertussis) vaccination. This may includedocumentation of having two (2) MMR vaccines; two (2) Varicellavaccines; or antibody status to these diseases from laboratorytesting. Blood tests for immunities to these diseases areordinarily included in the pre-employment physical exam except forthose employees who provide results of blood tests or immunizationdocumentation from their own health care providers. Anyvaccinations required for these diseases will be given at no costin our Occupational Health office.Equal Opportunity EmployerNote: Job Postings are updated daily and remain online untilfilled.EEO is the LawLearn more:https://www1.eeoc.gov/employers/upload/eeoc_self_print_poster.pdfImportant legal informationhttp://hrnt.jhu.edu/legal.cfm Share Facebook Administrative Not specified Full Time jobs in Baltimore Maryland, United States The Department ofOphthalmology is seeking anOphthalmicTechnicianto work under broad guidelines, with a highlevel of independence, assist the Ophthalmologist by performingocular examination and testing and supporting clinicaloperationsSpecific Duties& Responsibilities:Obtain and concisely recordan accurate patient historyChiefcomplaintPast ocularhistoryFamilyhistorySystemicillnessesMedicationsAllergies and drugreactionsSocialhistoryBasic skills andlensometryMeasure visual acuity atdistance and near utilizing test appropriate for age and education,and records accurately. Perform pinhole testing whenindicated.Perform and record contrastsensitivity.Perform Ishihara or HRRcolor vision testing.Accurately measure andrecord current lens power with a lensometer.Perform and recordexophthalmometry.Perform and record Amslergrid.Perform and record Schirmertesting.Evaluate pupillaryreactions, including afferent pupillary defect.Estimate anterior chamberdepth.Able to properly operatecommon non-automated and automated ophthalmic equipment including,but not limited to: IOL Master, Orb-scan, bright field acuitytesting (BAT), potential acuity meter (PAM), autorefractor, cornealpachymetry, Humphrey visual field, Goldmann visual field, OCT, -andLenstar.Patient Services You need to sign in or create an account to save Twitter Salary Not Specified Measure interpupillarydistances, evaluate spectacle fit.Properly assist physicallyor visually disabled patients.Adhere to regulationsregarding drug samples and drug sample logs.Facilitate timely flow ofpatients from screening to exam rooms.BasicTonometryPerform accurate Goldmannapplanation tonometry and properly disinfect thetonometer.Perform accurate Tono-pentonometry and properly disinfect and store thetonometer.Perform accurate Eye Caretonometry.Understand the principals ofscleral rigidity and the factors that alter intraocularpressure.InstrumentMaintenancePerform routine instrumentmaintenance on all ophthalmic equipment.Stock examination rooms inassigned area and ensure medication expiration dates arecurrent.Disinfect and maintainexamination rooms.Collect and prepareinstruments for transport to sterilizationcenter.General MedicalKnowledgeMaintain current CPRcertification.Understand basic ocularanatomy and physiology, systemic diseases, ocular diseases andocular emergencies.Understand and practice thefundamentals of microbial control.Must complete currentlyrequired JHMI courses, such as:Self learning educationalpacketsHIPAAregulationsConflict ofInterestComplete Annual Reviewpaperwork in a timely manner.Complete training insoftware such as Epic, POE, TAP, Forum, Oculab,AllscriptsAssist physician chair sideas a scribeAdditional Dutiesand Responsibilities:Surgical assisting withminor outpatient procedures; basic instrumentcare.Perform basic slit lampevaluation of anterior chamber depth.Perform protocolrefractometry or other testing for clinicaltrials.Instruct patients in contactlens care, insertion and removal.Facilitate/route patientmedication refillsOther duties that may beassigned.MinimumQualifications:Minimum of a High Schooldiploma or General Education Degree. One year experience as anOphthalmic Technician.Must obtainCertified Ophthalmic Assistant (COA) from Joint Commission onAllied Health Personnel in Ophthalmology (JCAHPO) within 18 monthsof start date. Must maintain certification while employed atWilmer. Failure to obtain/maintain certification might result intermination of employment at Wilmer.SpecialKnowledge, Skills, and Abilities:Mathematics:Able to add, subtract, multiply and divide in all units of measure,using whole numbers, fractions, decimals, addition and subtractionof positive and negative numbers.Language:Able to comprehend simple instructions and short correspondence.Able to create simple correspondence. Able to effectively presentinformation in one-on-one and small group situations to patientsand other employees.Reasoning:Able to comprehend and execute instructions. Able to managesituations with more than one variableFamiliarity with computeroperations and systens to enter information.Familiarity with ophthalmicand general medical terminology.TechnicalQualifications or SpecializedCertifications:Must obtain CertifiedOphthalmic Assistant (COA) from Joint Commission on AlliedHealthPersonnel in Ophthalmology(JCAHPO) within 18 months of start date. Must maintaincertification while employed at Wilmer.Failure to obtain/maintaincertification might result in termination of employment atWilmer.PhysicalRequirements:Must be able to remain instationary position for 50% of the time.Ability to move about toescort patients to the exam rooms and different departments, gatherand replace supplies, and stock rooms.Constantly positions self toadjust ophthalmic equipment in order to performexams.Ability to manipulateextremely small objects.Ability to safely utilizevarious types of Ophthalmic Equipment to directly contact thepatients eye.Occasionally lifts andtransports supplies up to 20 lbs.Ability to concentrate oninstruments and other visual stimuliObservation of and rapidreaction to changeable situationsThe person in this positionfrequently communicates with patients .Must be able to exchangeaccurate information in these situations.Classified Title:Ophthalmic Technician Role/Level/Range:ACRO40/E/02/CEStarting Salary Range:$18.67 -$25.68/Hour;Commensurate with experienceEmployee Group:Full TimeSchedule:Monday – Friday, 8:00am – 4:30pmExempt Status: Non-ExemptLocation:School of Medicine, East BaltimoreCampusDepartment Name:Ophthalmology RetinaServicesPersonnel Area:School ofMedicineThe successfulcandidate(s) for this position will be subject to a pre-employmentbackground check.If you are interested inapplying for employment with The Johns Hopkins University andrequire special assistance or accommodation during any part of thepre-employment process, please contact the HR Business ServicesOffice [email protected] For TTY users, call via MarylandRelay or dial 711.The followingadditional provisions may apply depending on which campus you willwork. Your recruiter will adviseaccordingly.During the Influenza (“theflu”) season, as a condition of employment, The Johns HopkinsInstitutions require all employees who provide ongoing services topatients or work in patient care or clinical care areas to have anannual influenza vaccination or possess an approved medical orreligious exception. Failure to meet this requirement may result intermination of employment.The pre-employmentphysical for positions in clinical areas, laboratories, workingwith research subjects, or involving community contact requiresdocumentation of immune status against Rubella (German measles),Rubeola (Measles), Mumps, Varicella (chickenpox), Hepatitis B anddocumentation of having received the Tdap (Tetanus, diphtheria,pertussis) vaccination. This may include documentation of havingtwo (2) MMR vaccines; two (2) Varicella vaccines; or antibodystatus to these diseases from laboratory testing. Blood tests forimmunities to these diseases are ordinarily included in thepre-employment physical exam except for those employees who provideresults of blood tests or immunization documentation from their ownhealth care providers. Any vaccinations required for these diseaseswill be given at no cost in our Occupational Healthoffice.Equal OpportunityEmployerNote: Job Postings are updated daily and remain online untilfilled.EEO is theLawLearn more:https://www.eeoc.gov/sites/default/files/migrated_files/employers/poster_screen_reader_optimized.pdf Student Affairs Not specified Full Time jobs in Baltimore LinkedIn Apply(This will open in a new window from which you will be automatically redirected to an external site after 5 seconds) Save Ophthalmic Technician Save CO Ophthalmic Technician Health Services Not specified Full Time jobs in Baltimore
4 p.m. Sunday, January 22, 2017 The National Weather Service has issued a High Wind Warning and a Coastal Flood Advisory for our area in effect for Monday, Jan. 23. Residents and visitors are advised to closely monitor weather forecasts and conditions during this period.The wind warning will be in effect 3 a.m. to 4 p.m. Monday with sustained winds of 30 mph to 40 mph and gusts as high as 60 mph. Loose objects on your property should be brought inside or secured. All contractors are asked to secure job sites in advance of the storm.The flood advisory will be in effect 3 a.m. to 9 p.m. Monday. Minor tidal flooding could occur through three high tide cycles. High tides will occur at approximately 4:39 a.m. and 5 p.m. on Monday, then at 5:30 a.m. on Tuesday on the bay side.Flooding is likely prior to the time of high tide and may last for several hours. Vehicles should be moved from areas that typically experience tidal flooding well in advance of these tides.Heavy rain is expected to fall from Sunday night through Monday and contribute to street flooding.Please write down the following emergency contact numbers for local utility companies should you experience outages or other problems during the upcoming storm:Atlantic City Electric: 800-833-7476South Jersey Gas: 888-766-9900Comcast Cable: 800-COMCAST (800-266-2278)For Police & Fire Department emergencies, call 911. For non-emergencies, call 609-399-9111.The utility companies recommend you contact them directly as soon as you experience a problem so that they can properly track outages and repairs.
Country Choice (Orpington, Kent) has added a Chelsea bun to its thaw-and-serve confectionery range.The bun is spiralled with demerara sugar, cinnamon and dried fruit, topped with more demerara sugar. Supplied fully-baked, it should be defrosted at room temperature for two hours. Once defrosted, shelf-life is one day. The Chelsea bun weighs 90g and joins the Belgian and iced finger bun.
‘Innovative’ teaching is recognized Kramer, Nowak receive Fannie Cox Prize for Excellence in Science Teaching Large social networks foster connections by erasing national, geographic, and even linguistic barriers. But when it comes to fostering cooperation, global connectivity leaves something to be desired, new research says.Working with colleagues at Emmanuel College, Harvard scientists have developed an algorithm that predicts whether a social structure is likely to favor cooperation, and the findings suggest that strong pairwise relationships — not loose networks scattered across the globe — are the most conducive to cooperation. The study is described in a March 29 paper in Nature.“What we are able to do is calculate the critical benefit-to-cost ratio for cooperation to thrive on any fixed population structure,” said senior author Martin Nowak, a professor of mathematics and of biology and director of the Program for Evolutionary Dynamics. “And what we find is truly interesting. We can take any graph or social network, and if it has strong pairwise ties, that is what is most conducive for cooperation. This is a mathematical argument for stable families or for stable friendships.”“I think one of the messages here is that while global interconnectedness has increased rapidly over the past few decades, there are downsides to that,” said first author Benjamin Allen, an assistant professor of mathematics at Emmanuel College and a researcher at the Program for Evolutionary Dynamics. “More connectivity won’t necessarily promote people being good to each other. It’s not that global connections are bad, but they are no substitute for a small number of strong local connections.”Scientists for decades have sought to understand the interplay between social structure and evolution, beginning with “well-mixed” populations. Mathematical models have demonstrated that in such populations — where every individual interacts with every other individual — evolution selects against cooperation, causing it to eventually die out.In 2006, however, Nowak and colleagues showed that in certain “special” populations — particularly those in which all members have the same number of connections — selection leans in favor of cooperation.“If you are a cooperator, then your friends can also act as cooperators, so you form a cluster and receive a positive payoff from each other,” Nowak said. “In a well-mixed population, you can’t get clusters, so cooperation is selected against.“But ever since then, the question has been what would happen if one person had three friends, and one of their friends had five, and someone else had eight,” Nowak said. “There was no way to calculate that.”The problem was so complex that solving it would result in accidentally solving one of the most important open challenges in computer science. Known as P versus NP, the challenge asks whether every solved problem in which the answer can be quickly checked by a computer can also be quickly solved by a computer.“If you can find an efficient algorithm that works on any network, you would have actually shown that P equals NP,” Nowak said. “But that’s not what we expect — most computer scientists don’t believe this is possible.”The opening that allowed Allen and Nowak to develop an algorithm capable of solving the problem came in the form of weak selection.“We began to wonder what happens in a situation where the payoff differences are small,” Nowak said. “The members of the networks are playing games that involve cooperation and defection, but what happens if the games have only a small effect?”At the same time, Allen and a handful of mathematicians, including Fields Medal winner Shing-Tung Yau, the William Caspar Graustein Professor of Mathematics and a professor of physics at Harvard, began a series of meetings to discuss cooperation across networks. Soon they realized a general solution might be possible. Related “When you include weak selection … all you have to do is calculate the meeting times of random walks [the likelihood that any two people in the network would meet] on the social network,” Nowak said. “That can be calculated, and that’s the solution to the problem.”“Where random walks come from is when we’re trying to trace the ancestry of people’s strategies,” Allen said. “So if we take two individuals, they copied their strategy from someone else in the network, and they copied their strategy from someone else — the question is how far back do we have to go until they’re both copying the same person?”Armed with the algorithm described in the study, Nowak said, researchers both pinpoint whether a given social network would support cooperation and also predict whether changes to the network might make it easier for cooperation to evolve.The team used the new tool to analyze a handful of real-world social networks, including among monkeys. Of the networks examined, Facebook scored lowest in cooperation — but with a caveat.“That stems from the fact that people have a lot of connections on Facebook, and in that data set we only have the raw connections,” Allen said. “If the graph were weighted so that close friends count for more, it may well have changed the outcome.”Ultimately, the study helps paint a fuller picture of the interplay between evolution and society, Nowak said.“The traditional, Darwinian theory of evolution is basically that everybody fights against everybody else — it’s just an all-out competition,” Nowak said. “But in the last 20 years, people have understood more and more that the other half of the story is about cooperation, the snuggle for survival. Natural selection can also favor cooperation, and the winners in that situation are those who cooperate with each other. This is a major extension of the story of evolution.”
Four students from Saint Mary’s College brought home a second-place finish from the annual Indiana CPA Society (INCPAS) Case Study Competition, which took place in Indianapolis on Nov. 16. Senior Chelsea Pacconi and juniors Christina Boesler, Christine Czajkowski and Morgan Mlinac made up the team of students, and Mary Ann Merryman, accounting and business professor from the College, held the position of faculty advisor for the competition. The 2012 competition is the ninth year students from Saint Mary’s have participated in the CPA competition, Merryman said. She has been the advisor for the previous years as well. “I think that I have seen an increased confidence on the part of the student team members. The Saint Mary›s team has been in the finals seven of the past eight years,” Merryman said. “The students are definitely not cocky, but when you put the time and effort into the competition that they have, you know that you are prepared.” Pacconi, who took on the mentor role for the group, participated in the competition last year as a junior and stayed on as a senior to help the students new to the competition. “[Being a mentor] was definitely a transition from my role last year,” Pacconi said. “Being the mentor for the team taught me how valuable last year was. I had great mentors who led me in the right direction of how to mentor the team.” Pacconi noticed how much experience in this competition makes a difference from one year to the next for the group. “Christina, Christine and Morgan really challenged me to be the best I could be and to set the example of how each member should work toward the project,” Pacconi said. As far as selection of team members, Merryman said the process is a contribution of her input as well as the input of the students who participated the year before and would like to join the team again. “We try to select students who will work well together and who are willing to make the commitment,” she said. “I was extremely impressed with and proud of this year’s team. They went from knowing virtually nothing about a very technical topic (business acquisitions) to giving a professional presentation on the topic in less than a month’s time.” The competition itself presents participants with a case study that required the Indiana college teams to compile a package supporting or rejecting the acquisition of one company by another. The teams were given very little information about either company and were instructed to draft and document any assumptive details necessary. “The competition was very difficult. In addition to regular work for classes, the case demanded a lot of work in a short amount of time,” Pacconi said. “I can relate the case to the Saint Mary’s business senior composition, although that is prepared over a semester and this only allows 10 days.” For the topic this year, Pacconi said she and her team felt it was particularly difficult because none of the students had firsthand experience relating to this topic. “Also, when submitting the paper and preparing the presentation, our team did not know what other teams’ approaches would be including their assumptions and even the formation of the teams,” Pacconi said. Overall, Pacconi and Merryman were happy with the results of the competition and the students that participated. “The competition is an enormous amount of work but it is well worth it in terms of the value gained from the experience,” Merryman said. “Every year the students amaze me all over again. The competition is truly one of the highlights of the academic year for me.” Pacconi said she felt proud of the accomplishments she and her team members made during the time they worked together and know that the challenges the group faced were a great learning experience. “It was a little disappointing not to win first place again this year, but I don’t think there was anything our team could have done differently to win and that’s all I could ask for,” Pacconi said. “I compare this year’s competition to the movie ‘Bring It On.’ So many challenges were overcome to make it to the finals and then to get second place was truly rewarding.”
Freshman Steven Fisher said the moment Pope Francis stepped out onto the balcony, he became a symbol of hope, a pope who will actively engage the people of Latin America again. Fisher, whose family is from Mexico, said he is “very optimistic” about the new leader. “Many among the Latino community have expressed excitement and satisfaction with the conclave’s decision,” he said. “A cardinal from Buenos Aires represents a new voice for many in the wider context of Latin America, and Catholics everywhere… expect his experiences as a Latin American, especially those involving poverty and violence, to influence the papacy ahead.” Fisher said the reality of the Church has undoubtedly changed over the centuries, and Catholics must find a balance between their visions for the future and the traditions of the past. “A Latin American pope reflects a Church that has grown beyond its core foundation in Europe; our Church today no longer resembles the Church that Saint Francis of Assisi [knew], when it remained confined to the Eastern Hemisphere,” he said. “Our Church today has encompassed all continents and continues to grow.” Sophomore Cecilia Ruiz, whose family is originally from Oaxaca, Mexico, said the decision represents the sense that “the face of the Catholic Church is becoming more Latino.” “I believe that the selection of Pope Francis reflects the fact that… the face of the Catholic Church is changing,” she said. “It has been a well-known fact that much of Latin America is Catholic… [and] I feel that with Pope Francis as our pope, the Church will grow more. “It feels right that it should be led by someone who can connect with a large portion of the Church not only in a spiritual manner, but also on a cultural level,” Ruiz said. Although she has never felt the Church was disconnected from Latin America, Ruiz said Francis’ Latino heritage fills her with a sense of solidarity. “[The Church] is being led by a man who can relate to my family and me on a different level,” she said. “The fact that he speaks our language gives me a stronger tie to the Church… [but] no matter what ethnicity the pope may be, his leadership should make the faith of the Church stronger.” Esteban Rojas, a sophomore with family ties to Colombia, said he believes the choice is the cardinals’ way of acknowledging a “momentum shift” within the Church, as the Latino Catholic numbers continue to grow worldwide. “Over the past century, the Church has definitely expanded in the Americas as opposed to staying in the European cultures,” Rojas said. “I think [the cardinals] want a fresh take on the Church, and the new pope has proven that things will be different with his humility and leadership already. “With Francis being a Latino, his background and culture can contribute to the Church beyond its European identity,” he said. “He’ll bring different insight that will benefit the Church worldwide, not just in Latin America.” Rojas said while the election of a Latino pontiff hasn’t changed the way he thinks of the Church, it has energized his faith. “The cardinals obviously want a leader for the Church as a whole, and Francis is an excellent leader for the entire Church, not just the Latino population,” he said. “It is exciting to see one of our own represented in such a high position, though, especially because it’s never been seen before.” This is a “revolutionary pope,” he said, and he will evangelize to the world by the way he leads his life. “Something exciting is going to happen [in the Church], because he has already changed a lot of the standard protocol or traditions for popes in their first couple days,” Rojas said. “I’m really excited to see what he has in store and how he handles such a huge leadership position.” Katia Fernandez, a sophomore born in Lima, Peru, said she did a double take when she first saw the new pope appear on the balcony. His Latin American background makes him family to her, she said. Fernandez said she thinks a Latino pope will unify the Latino population in the United States and throughout Latin America. “This election has strengthened my identity as a Latina Catholic,” Fernandez said. “Having a Latino pope has brought me closer to my family and community, and I hope that Pope Francis… will be a household name for Latino families. Sophomore Juan Rangel, a native of Mexico, said he hopes Francis will make Latin American issues known worldwide and bring new energy to the search for solutions. “His actions just after assuming the role of pope, like insisting on paying rent and deciding against other papal traditions, demonstrates that he wants to portray himself as one of us,” Rangel said. “I hope that image of himself is maintained and strengthened during his time as pope. It will not only help within the Church as Catholics are warmed by this personality, but assist in international affairs as he meets leaders around the world.” Rangel said he has high hopes for the papacy and it strengthens his faith to see that the faith is truly universal, not limited to Europe. “I’m really excited to see what Papa Francisco will do during his papacy,” he said. “I envision him to be as great as Pope John Paul II was, and I hope his background and personality truly aid in his role as leader of our Church.” For Fisher, the bottom line is not the cultural identity of the new pope but rather the legacy of faith he brings. “Each pope offers new wisdom and gifts with the opportunity to serve Christ and the Church, and I look forward to this with Papa Francisco,” Fisher said. “But while I have faith in the new pope, my faith itself or how I think about my Church, does not depend on his nationality. “I only pray for a papacy blessed with true charity and love. I could not ask for more, and I expect no less.” Contact Ann Marie Jakubowksi at [email protected] The world knows him as Pope Francis, the newly elected leader of the Roman Catholic Church. To his fellow Latinos, he is Papa Francisco, and his cultural heritage reflects the new energy and broader scope of today’s Church.